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Sport Management Library Guide: Referencing

A guide to resources for Sport Management.

Referencing Tips

Academic writing requires that you acknowledge other writers’ words and thoughts by citing and referencing your sources of information. Citing is the practice of quoting from, or referring to, other writers’ works and ideas in the text of your work; referencing is the listing of the full details of the publications that you have cited so that the reader can track down the original sources.

The two referencing styles commonly used for Sport Management (UCT) are:

Harvard UCT: handbook on citation 2014

APA (This is not the official APA guide, but a good source to use. It was created by the University of Purdue.)

Harvard UCT: Handbook on citation 2014 (Examples of sources you may be required to reference)


(Lumpkin, 2006:4)

Note: Add the page number when you quote.

Lumpkin, A. 2012. Practical ethics in sport management. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Journal articles 

(Noakes, 2010)

Noakes, T.D. 2010. Peripheral fatigue alone does not explain the decision to terminate sustained muscular contractions with two limbs. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 20(5):787.


(Vice, 2010)

(Isaacson, 2014)

Vice, T. 2013. Smith feels pressure of success. BusinessDay. 14 February. Available: [2014, February 2].

Isaacson, D. 2014. Evans & Co finally quit ASA executive. The Times. 24 February: 23.

Newspaper (no author)

("Smith feels pressure…", 2013)

Note: Add the first three words of the title (in quotation marks) for references where you could not identify a personal or group (corporate) author.

Smith feels pressure of success. 2013. BusinessDay. 14 February. Available: [2014, February 2].


(International Cycling Union, 2013)

Note: In this example a group author was used.

International Cycling Union. 2013. Press release: 2012 UCI WorldTour Trophy presentation to Joaquin Rodriguez in Catalonia. Available: [2014, January 12].

RefWorks - Reference Manager

UCT subscribes to RefWorks, a reference management tool which can be used to store and organise references. RefWorks can accessed from the UCT Libraries website via the Electronic Resources link.

How to use RefWorks?


Always cite references to avoid plagiarism. Referencing Style Guides can be accessed from UCT Libraries website.


Citation Managers

UCT subscribes to:

  1. ​RefWorks and
  2. Endnote

Citation management tools can be used to store and organise references. Refworks and EndNote allows sync between desktop and online libraries. 

Endnote - Reference Manager

Endnote allows you to Search online databases, Organize and Store your files, Collaborate within teams and many other features. 

To learn more about Endnote software see the libraries guide here.