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Vancouver Referencing Style @ UCT: Audiovisual material

Vancouver Referencing Style is extensively used in the biomedical and health sciences.

Audio-visual material



     Author. Title [Type of Medium]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Extent:
     Physical description. 


    1. Kruger TF, Botha MH, editors. Clinical gynaecology [DVD], 4th ed. Claremont (South Africa): Juta;
        2011. 1 DVD: sound, colour 43/3 in.


     Author. Title [Type of the medium]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Extent:      Physical description.


    2. Drake R. Dorland's/Gray's pocket atlas of anatomy [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill         Livingstone; 2009. 1 CD-ROM: sound, colour 31/8 in.



Webstreaming videos:

     Author A. Title [format]. place of publication: publisher; date of publication [date it was cited].
     Available from: website address

  3.  Moynihan R. Don't these people talk to each other? [web streaming video]. San Francisco: Kanopy        Streaming Service; 2007 [cited 2014, Oct 09]. Available from:

Television and radio programmes:

    Topic discussed [Type of the medium]. Title of the programme it was bradcasted on (if available).     Place of broadcasting: Broadcaster; Date of the broadcast.


   4. ADHD in children [television broadcast]. Bonitas house call. Johannesburg: SABC; 2013, Sept 14.



Youtube video, e.g. on vula, blog, etc:

     Producer/Publisher of the video. Title [format]. date it was uploaded. Available from: website      address.


   5. The Black Star Order. History of human rights [video on the internet]. 2014, Apr 15. Available from: