Manuscript language should be
Prevent spelling errors by using a spellchecker in English (SA). Common language errors include incorrect tenses, grammar, sentences, and paragraphs. Check the journal's Guide for Authors for additional language specifications.
Take care to use the proper tenses.
Present tense: Use the present tense for known facts and hypotheses
Past tense: Use the past tense for describing experiments that have been conducted and the results of these experiments
Remember: avoid shifting tenses within a unit of text: a paragraph, sub-section or section.
Use the active voice to shorten sentences.
The passive voice can be used in the Methods section, but otherwise using the active voice will shorten sentences and make them more dynamic and interesting for the reader. The phrase "we found that" signals to the reader that you are describing results. It is more concise than "it has been found that there had been", and more to the point.
Avoid abbreviations and acronyms
Eliminate redundant words or phrase
Double check unfamiliar words or phrases
Write direct and short sentences.
The average length of sentences in scientific writing is only about 12-17 words.
Include only one piece of information per sentence
Sentences should be in short, factual bursts.
Avoid making multiple statements in one sentence
Convey a single idea per sentence. Link sentences together within a paragraph to provide a clear storyline.
Keep related words together
Closely place the subject and verb to allow the reader to understand what the subject is doing.
Pay attention to the order in which you write a sentence
The "stress position" within a sentence contains new information to be emphasized. The "topical position" contains old information leading to the point to be emphasized. The topical position comes before the stress position.
Put statements in a positive form