In order to retrieve the most relevant resources when searching, follow the simple steps below.
1. Identify relevant keywords. Consider if broader or narrower terms of the keywords of your choice would help your search.
Example: searching for 'The use of microorganisms in the food & agricultural industry.'
Keywords: microorganisms, food, agriculture
Keywords with similar meanings: bacteria, fungi, vegetable, diary, meat
2. Group them in to concepts
Concept 1: microorganisms, bacteria, fungi
Concept 2: food, vegetable, diary, meat
Concept 3: agriculture
3. Use Boolean operators AND, OR, NOT to tell the search engine how the keywords are related to each other.
OR = union, AND = intersection and NOT=complement.
microorganisms OR bacteria OR fungi
food OR vegetable OR diary OR meat
4. Construct your search statement
(microorganisms OR bacteria OR fungi) AND (food OR vegetable OR diary OR meat) AND agriculture
5. Where to search
The following databases contains scholarly resources including journal articles. Find them from the UCT Libraries website.
For your Dalebrook assignment here are some of the keywords you could use: "rocky shore", zonation, diversity, ecology.
Ones you get a good article, you can also check its reference list at the end of the document for more sources.
Learn effective searching strategy to retrieve relevant resources from the video clip below.
Search engines and databases better retrieve most relevant items when we search by keywords combined with Boolean Operators (AND OR NOT). Boolean Operators tells the search engine how the keywords are related to each other.
Journal article: is scholarly literature often a product of research or critical review of topic area published in scholarly journals.
Scholarly Journal: a magazine that publishes scientific articles.
Databases: Organized collection of journals, books and other resources in a digital format.
Database Platform: a collection of databases that enables searching across several databases.
When you are given a reference list of reading materials, here is how you can tell the difference between Books, chapters in books and journal articles.
Book reference: books usually have publishers name and place of publication in addition to title, author/s or editors. Here is a format of book reference based on the UCT Author-Date Referencing Style with example:
Author/s or Editor/s, Year of publication, Title, Edition, Place of publication, Publisher.
Example - 1:
Cruzado Aquino, A. 2012. Marine ecosystems. Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Example - 2:
Mohr, P. 2015. Economics for South African students, 5th ed, Pretoria: Van Schaik.
Chapter in a book reference: chapters would have referencing elements as books with additional chapter title, chapter author/s and page range. See below format of chapter in a book reference based on the UCT Author-Date Referencing Style with an example:
Author of Chapter. Year of Publication. Title of the Chapter. Title of Book (in italics). Editors of Book. Place of Publication. Publisher. Pages.
Ruiters, M. 2009. Collaboration, assimilation and contestation: emerging constructions of Coloured identity in post-apartheid South Africa. In Burdened by race: Coloured identity in South Africa. M. Adhikari, Ed. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press. 104-133.
Journal article reference: in addition to the title, author and year of publication, journal article reference include the title of the journal, volume of the journal and the issue or part where the article is published in. Here is a format of journal article reference based on the UCT Author-Date Referencing Style with examples:
Authors. Year of Publication. Title of Article. Title of journal (in italics). Volume and Issue Numbers, Pages.
Example - 1:
Azam, F. & Worden, A. Z. 2004. Microbes, molecules, and marine ecosystems. Science. 303(5664):1622-1624. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1093892
Example - 2:
Bascom-Slack, C. A., Arnold, A. E. & Strobel, S. A. 2012. Student-directed discovery of the plant microbiome and its products. Science. 338(6106):485-486. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1215227