Academic writing requires that you acknowledge other writers’ words and thoughts by citing and referencing your sources of information. Citing is the practice of quoting from, or referring to, other writers’ works and ideas in the text of your work; referencing is the listing of the full details of the publications that you have cited so that the reader can find the original sources.
You should always acknowledge the sources that you consulted when preparing your work. Failing to acknowledge your sources is construed as plagiarism. For more information on plagiarism, please refer to the guide on Plagiarism by the Department of Philosophy!
If you do not know which referencing style to use, ask your lecturer or supervisor, who will assist you in this regard.