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Vancouver Referencing Style @ UCT: Books

Vancouver Referencing Style is extensively used in the biomedical and health sciences.

Books - Reference List Examples

BOOKS


Book by one author:

     Book author. Book title. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

e.g.

    1. Baum F. The new public health. 2nd ed. South Melbourne (Australia): Oxford University Press; 2002.

 

Note: Publication towns or cities that are not well known are qualified by a country, e.g. South Melbourne            (Australia):

 


 Book produced by an editor rather than an author:

    Surname initials, editor. Book title. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

e.g.

    2.  Kruger TF, Botha MH, editors. Clinical gynaecology. 4th ed. Claremont (South Africa): Juta; 2011.


 Book with no author/editor:

Rule: Enter all such references by the title of the book in your reference list.

     Book title. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

e.g.

     3. Intensifying action against HIV/AIDS in Africa: responding to a crisis. Washington, DC: World          Bank; 2000.

 

Book by more than six authors:
Rule: List only the first six authors followed by et al’ or and others’ after the sixth author. Use commas to separate authors.
          List the authors in the order that they appeared in the book.

     4. Zweigenthal L, Puoane T, Reynolds L, London L, Coetzee D, Alperstein M, et al. 
         Primary health care: fresh perspectives. Cape Town: Pearson-Prentice Hall; 2009.             


 A section or a chapter in a book:

Rule: Enter this sort of a reference in your reference list by the name of the author of the chapter NOT the name of the
          editor of the whole book.

     Author of the chapter. Title of the chapter. In Surname & Initials, editor. Title of the whole book.                Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Start & end page of the chapter.

e.g.

    5. Bagratee JS. Abnormal uterine bleeding. In Kruger TF, Botha MH, editors. Clinical gynaecology. 
        4th ed. Claremont (South Africa): Juta; 2011. p.237- 45.
 

 

A book produced by a corporate author (an organisation):

Rule: The names of organisations must be written in full when entered as authors, e.g. WHO becomes World Health Organization.

     Name of the organisation. Title of the book. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

e.g.

   6. World Health Organization. Air quality guidelines for Europe. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for
        Europe; 1987.

 

An electronic book without a DOI:

Rule: If there is no DOI, include the platform or url.

    Author’s Name & Initials. Book title. Publication place: Publisher; Year of publication [date             accessed]. Available from: Name of database or url

e.g.

7. Moore KL, Persaud TVN, Torchia MG, editors. Before we are born: essentials of embryology and birth defects. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013 [cited 2017 Aug 29]. Available from: https://www.clinicalkey.com

 

8. American  Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute. Pain control: a guide for people with cancer and their families. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; 2000 [cited 2018 June 12]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027/umn.31951d020176107. 

   

 

An electronic book with a DOI:

     Author's Name & Initials. Book title. Publication place: Publisher; Year of publication. doi: 10.12345678

e.g.

   9. Vincent C. Amalberti R. Safer Healthcare. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer; 2016. [cited 2017 Aug 21]. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-25559-0. 


A section or chapter in an electronic book:

Author of the chapter. Title of the chapter. In Surname & Initials, editor. Title of the whole book. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Start & end page of the chapter. [cited date - year, month abbreviated, day]. doi: 10.12345678

e.g.

10. Hodgson E. Metabolic interactions of pesticides. In Hodgson E, editor. Pesticide biotransformation and disposition.  London: Academic Press; 2012. p.149-178. [cited 2020 Dec 14]. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385481-0.00007-1.

 

UpToDate:

    Author’s Name & Initials. Book title [Internet]. Publication place: Publisher; Year of publication. [date cited] Available: Name of database.

e.g.

   11. Smith RP, Kaunitz AM. Primary dysmenorrhea in adult women: clinical features and diagnosis. In UpToDate, Barbieri RL editor. Waltham, MA.: UpToDate; 2015 [cited 2016 April 26]. Available from: https://www.uptodate.com 


Book without a publisher:

Rule:
Use the words "publisher unknown" and enclose them in square brackets.

    12.   Hoppert M. Microscopic techniques in biotechnology. Weinheim: [publisher unknown]; 2003.


Book without a date of publication:

 Rule: Use the words "date unknown" and enclose them in square brackets.

    13.   Van den Berg RN. The nationalisation of health services in South Africa. Windhoek: John Meinert;          [date unknown].


Book with an estimated date of publication:

     14.  Cancannon M. Common hand problems in primary care. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus St. Louis;                      [1999?].


Standard volume of a book with separate title of the series:

   Author AA. Title of the whole volume. Volume number, Title of the series. Place of    publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

e.g.


   15. Tos M. Manual of middle ear surgery. Vol. 3, Surgery of the external auditory canal. New York: George Thieme  Verlag; 1997.