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Postgraduate Research in the Health Sciences Library Guide: Referencing & reference managers

Library guide for postgraduate students and researchers.


To avoid plagiarism, it is important to always acknowledge the words, ideas or opinions of another writer. It is important to find out from your department which referencing style has been prescribed especially if they have their own particular version of one of the accepted styles of referencing.

For information on Turnitin, the plagiarism detector, see the box entitled Turnitin



Most recently published journal articles have a DOI or Digital Object Identifier. Some referencing styles, such as APA(6th ed.) and Harvard(UCT), require that the DOI be displayed in the list of references if available. Crossref provides a free search facility to locate an article's DOI.


EndNote is available to staff and students of UCT. It can be downloaded onto your computer from the ICTS web site.

EndNote Web, located in Web of Science  OR at  EndNote Online enables EndNote users to collect references when away from their desktop and to collaborate with others.



RefWorks is a web-based bibliography and database manager that allows you to create your own personal database by importing references from text files or online databases. You can use these references in writing papers and automatically format the paper and the bibliography in seconds. This product has been replaced by a new updated version called New RefWorks . If you have a university email you can register for an account either on or off campus. If you have a non-university email domain and prefer to use this instead of your UCT email, kindly contact the library for instructions and an access code.

You are welcome to book a training session with a reference librarian to get you started.