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Computer Science Library Guide: Referencing & Citation

How to find information - a guide for Computer Science students

Referencing - ACM

Association for Computing Machinery Conference Proceedings Style: Numbered References

In text Citation:

The ACM conference proceedings reference style makes use of numbers enclosed in square brackets within the text. This number corresponds to the reference list found at the end of the chapter where the references are arranged alphabetically by Author’s last name and sequentially numbered. For example:

According to Donner, access has become a lot easier than it was 20 years ago. [1]

Please see the document below for help with the putting together the reference list using ACM. 

Please note: The ACM conference proceeding citation style is a divergent style that is used in various ways throughout the ACM conference proceedings. The below examples serve as guidelines for the use thereof and should only be used as such. The important thing to remember for good referencing is to always be consistent.

Reference Management Tools

The University of Cape Town subscribes to RefWorks, a web-based reference management service used for storing and organizing references. UCT staff and students may use RefWorks on campus and also off-campus (by logging in via EZProxy). Have a look at the RefWorks libguide for more information.

The University of Cape Town subscribes to EndNote, which is a reference management tool used to store and organize references. UCT staff and students can access EndNote on campus and off-campus (by logging in via EZProxy). Have a look at the EndNote Libguide for more information.


Plagiarism is a dishonest act of attempting to take someone else’s ideas, writing, design or research and presenting them as your own.

This is viewed very seriously by UCT and may lead to expulsion. To avoid plagiarism it is important to cite and reference your sources.

Plagiarism Declaration

UCT's Plagiarism Policy with Declaration form is available at:

Avoiding Plagiarism - a Guide for Students