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Poverty in South Africa: Government Resources: Library Guide: Poverty measurement


Bhorat, Haroon, Morne Oosthuizen, Carlene van der Westhuizen. Estimating a Poverty Line:  An Application to Free Basic Municipal Services in South Africa, October 2011. [Rondebosch] : Development Policy Research Unit, University of Cape Town, © 2012

Oosthuizen, Morné    Estimating poverty lines for South Africa :   discussion document /    [Cape Town :   University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit,   2008]. Research commissioned by the Department of Social Development G 68 E.SOCI.08.ESTI

Statistics South Africa.    A discussion note :   constructing comparable household survey data for the analysis of poverty in South Africa (1995-2000) /    [Pretoria :   Statistics South Africa,   2007]. G 68 A.POVE.07.DISC

Statistics South Africa.    A national poverty line for South Africa /    [Pretoria :   National Treasury],   2007. G 68 E.TREA.07.NATI

Woolard, Ingrid D.    Towards a poverty line for South Africa :   background note /    [Cape Town :   Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town],   2006. G 68 E.TREA.06.TOWA


Measuring poverty in South Africa : methodological report on the development of the poverty lines for statistical reporting : technical report. Pretoria : Statistics South Africa, 2008. (D0300)

Noble, Michael, Andrew Ratcliffe, Gemma Wright (2004). Conceptualizing, defining and measuring poverty in South Africa : an argument for a consensual approach

Poverty profile of South Africa :   application of the poverty lines on the LCS 2008/2009 /    Pretoria :   Statistics South Africa,   2012. G 68 A.POVE.12.POVE

The South African MPI :   creating a multidimensional poverty index using census data /    Pretoria :   Statistics South Africa,   2014. G 68 A.POVE.14.SOUT

Statistics South Africa (2015). Methodological report on rebasing of national poverty lines and development of pilot provincial poverty lines : technical report (Report No. 03-10-11)

Workshop on Measuring Deprivation in order to Promote Human Development in South Africa (2015 : Misty Hills, Muldersdift). Proceedings report. Pretoria : Department of Science and Technology, ASSAF, 2016.

Wright, Gemma.    Findings from the Indicators of Poverty and Social Exclusion Project :   a profile of poverty using the socially perceived necessities approach /    [Pretoria :   Department of Social Development,   2008]. (Key report 7) G 68 E.SOCI.08.FIND


Official poverty measurement

Statistics South Africa. National poverty lines, 2018, 2019, 2020. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. (Statistical release P0310.1)

"According to the National Planning Commission ... South Africa does not have a single official poverty line. The Government uses R2 a day or R524 a month per person (in 2008 prices) as an unofficial guide." Source: South Africa survey, 2013, page 343. Shelf no.GR 323.16805 SURV

Statistics South Africa currently uses the Food Poverty Line (FPL), the Lower-Bound Poverty Line (LBPL) and the Upper-Bound Poverty Line (UBPL). See the South Africa Survey, 2018, pages 486-491. Shelf no. GR 323.16805 SURV



Wright, Gemma, Michael Noble and Wiseman Magasela. Chapter 8, Towards a democratic definition of poverty: socially perceived necessaties in South Africa IN: South African social attitudes, 2nd report : reflections on the age of hope. Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2010. Shelf no. G 68 E.HSRC.10.SOUT