The central government responsibility for early childhood development shifted from the Department of Social Development to the Department of Basic Education with effect from 1 April 2022.
South Africa. Financial and Fiscal Commission. Technical report: submission for the Division of Revenue, 2021/2022. Chapter 7, Investigating the appropriate role of the state in ECD education, page 178 ff.
South Africa. Parliament. House of Assembly. Portfolio Committee on Basic Education. ECD migration from DSD to DBE; Tracking progress in ECD service delivery: NGO briefing, 03 March 2020. (Includes presentations, committee reports and South African Early Childhood Review 2019.)
"With a strong presence in South Africa, UNICEF is a leading advocate for children."
Carter, Jonathan, Linda Biersteker, Judith Streak. Costing centre-based early childhood development programmes for children under age five : case studies from the Western Cape. Pretoria : Human Sciences Research Council, September 2008.
Financial and Fiscal Commission. Financing early childhood development infrastructure. Pretoria : Financial and Fiscal Commission, 2015 (Policy brief 5/2015) Shelf no. G 68 E.FINA.15.FINA
Financial and Fiscal Commission. Submission for the 2016/17 Division of Revenue. Chapter 5, Fiscal arrangements for financing and delivery of ECD. Pretoria : Financial and Fiscal Commission, 2016.
For public expenditure on early childhood development consult the Estimates of national expenditure Vote for Social Development, e.g., Estimates of national expenditure, 2022/2023. Vote 19, Social Development
South Africa. Department of Basic Education, Department of Social Development, and UNICEF (2010). Tracking public expenditure and assessing service quality in Early Childhood Development in South Africa. Shelf no. G 68 E.EDUC.10.TRAC
South Africa. Parliament. National Council of Provinces. Early Childhood Development Expenditure: National & Provincial Education; Social Development Departments & National Treasury briefings, 29 August 2008.